Everyone has been blown away by the force and intensity of the recent rally. To its power, consider one useful measure of breadth, the percentage of S&P 500 stocks trading above their short term (simple 10 day moving average). It is once again at an extreme. The rally has pushed this measure to the highest it has been in 3 years and kept it there for the past few days. Here’s a chart of the percentage of stocks above their 20 day moving average:
Look how far we’ve come! In early March there were almost no S&P 500 constituents trading above their short term moving average and now we have the opposite, very few that aren’t. The last time the market reacted like this was in March 2007.
Another interesting aspect of the rally is that it is commonly referred to as a “bear market rally”. Very very few are calling it the beginning of something more. But those few, like Doug Kass and Jeremy Grantham, who are making such a bold claim, do have an impressive track record in timing the market.
On the other hand, the average investor out there, as measured by the popular sentiment indicators has hastily jumped aboard and suddenly turned very optimistic. It seems that a few gravity defying days are all it takes to make them forget that just a few weeks ago they were extremely gloomy about the outlook of the market.
Here is the more intermediate measure of market internals, the percentage of stocks trading above their 50 day moving average:
By this measure of breadth, the market technically still has some room to go up but it is getting up there into thin air territory. One insight which I think is obvious when you look at both these charts is that a major inflection point usually occurs when an extreme is confirmed by both of them. For example, take a look at October 2007 and again on January 2009.
Everybody and their uncle was expecting a bear market rally and it arrived with the usual vigor. The question now is, how will it fare on its first real test. Price is bumping its head on resistance at 800 and the market breadth is stretched to the upside. Even if this is the “real thing” don’t be surprised if price pauses here to catch its breath or retraces a bit.
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